NHS SNEEICS - Green Plan

The opportunity – what we can achieve If the UK hits its climate change target, we will annually save 5,700 lives nationally every year from reducing air pollution.3 Tackling air pollution will reduce the number of diseases associated with it, such as heart disease.2 Improvements to air quality are also an important co-benefit of interventions targeting other health outcomes, such as active travel and increased physical activity.30 Working with our partners, we can help prevent future illnesses rather than just treat them. Making small changes can make a big difference - just a small change in activity to reduce pollution (1µg/m3 reduction in PM2.5 concentrations) could prevent 50,000 new cases of coronary heart disease this year and 9,000 new cases of asthma by 2035.2 Why it matters Air pollution is the top environmental risk to human health in the UK, and the fourth greatest threat to public health after cancer, heart disease and obesity.2 In 2020 a coroner recorded the first instance of air pollution as a cause of death in the UK.31 Air pollution causes ill health and mortality. It is the leading environmental cause of premature death globally, with outdoor (ambient) air pollution causing approximately 4 million premature deaths annually, predominantly due to stroke, heart disease, lung cancer and chronic respiratory diseases.32 Recent research commissioned by Public Health England has found that the health and social care costs of air pollution (PM2.5 and NO2) in England could reach £5.3 billion by 2035. This is a cumulative cost for diseases which have a strong association with air pollution, such as coronary heart disease, stroke, lung cancer and childhood asthma.33 Strategic objectives Demonstrating leadership and empowering our workforce and our communities to help them understand how they can protect themselves by making practical improvements. Working with ICS partners to prevent, mitigate and avoid air pollution and improve health outcomes. Reviewing air pollution data and targeting key pollution hotspots to improve health outcomes. Key activity Implement the air pollution hierarchy Clean air day to raise awareness Clean Air Day | Action for Clean Air Healthcare training on air pollution Baseline data reviews to determine action plan Air pollution Air Pollution Hierarchy of Intervention PREVENT MI T I GAT E AVOI D Consider policy interventions and technological abatement (dust abatement, emission ceilings, emission concentration limits) Reduce demand for more polluting forms of transport and use cleaner vehicles Consider changes in livestock housing and management, feeding Regime and manure management Redesign spaces to introduce barriers and separate people from pollution Take steps to reduce our personal contributions to pollution at home and on the move Redesign spaces to reduce polluting activities and encourage active transport Try to keep sources of pollution away from people Displace pollutant emissions outside hot spots and populated areas to reduce population exposure Try to take less polluted routes and reduce time spent in polluted places Source: Public Health England34 Suffolk and North East Essex Integrated Care System Green Plan | 17 Key Themes