NHS SNEEICS - Green Plan

Why we must act The average global temperatures have risen by over 1.2 degrees C since pre-industrial levels, predominantly caused by release of greenhouse gasses. This warming is creating an instability in Earth’s systems, leading to climate change. Climate change means we are experiencing, amongst other things, more extreme weather events which have negative health impacts.4 The negative health impacts of climate change include; • heatwaves – experts predict 7,000 extra heat-related deaths in the UK per year if climate change goes unabated • more flooding – data shows we witness 2-5 fivefold increase in mental health cases after flood events • more pollution - linked to cancer, strokes, heart disease and dementia etc, and • higher UV exposure - linked to increases in skin cancer and cataracts. Climate change places increased demand and pressure on frontline services, impacts the most vulnerable in our society and costs us financially.4 The Lancet has identified climate change as the biggest threat to healthcare in the 21st Century.5 Tackling this threat requires a system-wide response which means increasing climate resilience and addressing key vulnerability factors to reduce climate sensitive health risks identified by the World Health Organisation (WHO).6 Source: Climate change and health (who.int)6 An overview of climate-sensitive health risks, their exposure pathways and vulnerability factors Introduction Suffolk and North East Essex Integrated Care System Green Plan | 7 Climate-Sensitive Health Risks Injury and mortality from extreme weather events Heat related illness Respiratory illness Water-borne diseases and other waterrelated health impacts Zoonoses Vector-borne diseases Malnutrition and foodborne diseases Non communicable diseases (NCDs) Mental and psychosocial health Impacts on healthcare facilities Effects on health systems Health outcomes Health systems & facilities outcomes Vulnerability Climate Change Vulnerability factors • Demographic factors • Geographic factors • Biological factors & health status • Sociopolitical conditions • Socioeconomic factors Health system capacity & resilience • Leadership & governance • Health workforce • Health information systems • Essential medical products & technologies • Service delivery • Financing Exposure pathways • Extreme weather events • Heat stress • Air quality • Water quality and quantity • Food security and safety • Vector distribution & ecology